Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio : Definition & Calculation

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio : Definition & Calculation

If the AP turnover ratio is 7 instead of 5.8 from our example, then DPO drops from 63 to 52 days. When you receive and use early payment discounts, you increase the AP turnover ratio and lower the average payables turnover in days. In today’s digital era, leveraging technology can significantly enhance your accounts payable processes and positively impact your AP turnover ratio.

Compare Turnover Ratios for Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable

Calculating and tracking the accounts payable turnover ratio is important for a company because it provides insight into the company’s cash management and supplier relations. The ratio measures how quickly a company is paying its bills, and it can help a company identify potential problems with its accounts payable process. To balance cash inflows and outflows, compare your accounts payable turnover ratio with your accounts receivable turnover ratio. Or apply the calculation comparing the payables turnover in days to the receivables turnover in days if that’s easier for you to understand. Compare the AP creditor’s turnover ratio to the accounts receivable turnover ratio.

  1. That all depends on the amount of time measured, along with current AP turnover ratio benchmarks and trends over time in the SaaS industry.
  2. The AP turnover ratio is one of the best financial ratios for assessing a company’s ability to pay its trade credit accounts at the optimal point in time and manage cash flow.
  3. Your company’s accounts payable turnover ratio (and days payable outstanding) may be considered a higher ratio or lower ratio in relation to other companies.
  4. Businesses with a higher ratio for AP turnover have sufficient cash flow and working capital liquidity to pay their suppliers reasonably on time.

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio in Days

It’s a different view of the accounts payable turnover ratio formula, based on the average number of days in the turnover period. The DPO formula is calculated as the number of days in the measured period divided by the AP turnover ratio. Since the accounts payable turnover ratio indicates how quickly a company pays off its vendors, it is used by supplies and creditors to help decide whether or not to grant credit to a business.

The Formula for AP Turnover Ratio: A Detailed Breakdown

As with most liquidity ratios, a higher ratio is almost always more favorable than a lower ratio. Companies sometimes measure the accounts payable turnover ratio by only using the cost of goods sold in the numerator. This is incorrect, since there may be a large amount of administrative expenses that should also be included in the numerator. If a company only uses the cost of goods sold in the numerator, this creates an excessively high turnover ratio. An incorrectly high turnover ratio can also be caused if cash-on-delivery payments made to suppliers are included in the ratio, since these payments are outstanding for zero days. The accounts payable turnover ratio is a short-term liquidity measure used to quantify the rate at which a company pays off its suppliers.

What Is Financial Ratio Analysis? A Small Business Guide

Focuses on the management of a company’s liabilities and its ability to pay its suppliers on time. Accounts Payable (AP) Turnover Ratio and Accounts Receivable (AR) Turnover Ratio are both important financial metrics used to assess different aspects of a company’s financial performance. The 91 days represents the approximate number of days on average that a company’s invoices remain outstanding before being paid in full. So the higher the payables ratio, the more frequently a company’s invoices owed to suppliers are fulfilled. Additionally, the technology industry can benefit from a high Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio. Technology companies often need to purchase components and materials from suppliers to manufacture their products.


Given the A/P turnover ratio of 4.0x, we will now calculate the days payable outstanding (DPO) – or “accounts payable turnover in days” – from that starting point. If the company’s accounts payable balance in the prior year was $225,000 and then $275,000 at the end of Year 1, we can calculate the average accounts payable balance as $250,000. As with most financial metrics, a company’s turnover ratio is best examined relative to similar companies in its industry. For example, a company’s payables turnover ratio of two will be more concerning if virtually all of its competitors have a ratio of at least four.

It’s important to consider all factors and make informed decisions that are in the best interest of the company as a whole. Hence, organizations should strive to attain a ratio that takes all pertinent factors into account. Establishing an ideal benchmark for the ideal turnover ratio, specific to their own business, can significantly the definition of net credit sales on a balance sheet enhance the efficiency of their accounts payable processes. Like all ratios, looking at only at account payable turnover ratio will not assist an investor or any other shareholder judge a company’s debt repayment efficiency. This ratio provides insights into the rate at which a company pays off its suppliers.

Accounts payable turnover is a ratio that measures the speed with which a company pays its suppliers. If the turnover ratio declines from one period to the next, this indicates that the company is paying its suppliers more slowly, and may be an indicator of worsening financial condition. A change in the turnover ratio can also indicate altered payment terms with suppliers, though this rarely has more than a slight impact on the ratio. If a company is paying its suppliers very quickly, it may mean that the suppliers are demanding fast payment terms, or that the company is taking advantage of early payment discounts. Some companies will only include the purchases that impact cost of goods sold (COGS) in their Total Purchases calculation, while others will include cash and credit card purchases.

Calculate the accounts payable turnover ratio formula by taking the total net credit purchases during a specific period and dividing that by the average accounts payable for that period. The average accounts payable is found by adding the beginning and ending accounts payable balances for that period of time and dividing it by two. The accounts payable turnover ratio measures only your accounts payable; other short-term debts — like credit card balances and short-term loans — are excluded from the calculation. The accounts payable turnover ratio can be calculated for any time period, though an annual or quarterly calculation is the most meaningful. Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio is a crucial financial metric that measures the efficiency with which a company is managing its accounts payable. It is a financial ratio that helps in the analysis and evaluation of creditor payment policies and procedures.

And use Mosaic’s income statement dashboard to proactively monitor your AP turnover by summarizing your revenue and expenses during a certain period of time. You’ll see whether the business generates enough revenue to pay off debt in a timely manner. A low AP turnover ratio could indicate that a company is in financial distress or having difficulty paying off accounts. But, it could also indicate that a business is making strategic financial decisions about upfront investments that will pay off later.

Another industry that can benefit from a high Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio is the healthcare industry. Healthcare providers need to purchase a large volume of medical supplies and equipment, and they need to pay their suppliers on time to ensure a steady supply of essential items. A high Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio can help healthcare providers negotiate better prices and payment terms with their suppliers, which can ultimately lead to cost savings for patients. That’s why it’s important that creditors and suppliers look beyond this single number and examine all aspects of your business before extending credit. A low ratio can also indicate that a business is paying its bills less frequently because they’ve been extended generous credit terms. With this data at your fingertips, cross-departmental collaboration becomes more productive, allowing you to identify opportunities to improve efficiency and AP turnover to help the business grow.

Alternatively, a decreasing ratio could also mean the company has negotiated different payment arrangements with its suppliers. It’s important that the accounts payable turnover ratio be calculated regularly to determine whether it has increased or decreased over several accounting periods. Faster invoice processing means that payments can be processed more quickly, directly influencing the AP turnover ratio by potentially increasing it. This speed not only improves efficiency but also enhances supplier relationships through timely payments. Economic conditions, like interest rates or a recession, can impact a company’s payment practices.

The AP turnover ratio provides important strategic insights about the liquidity of a business in the short term, as well as a company’s ability to efficiently manage its cash flow. By benchmarking with industry statistics and doing some internal analysis, you can decide when it’s the best time to pay your vendors. Your company’s accounts payable turnover ratio (and days payable outstanding) may be considered a higher ratio or lower ratio in relation to other companies. When the turnover ratio is increasing, the company is paying off suppliers at a faster rate than in previous periods.

The speed with which a business makes payments to the creditors and suppliers that have extended lines of credit and make up accounts payable is known as accounts payable turnover (AP turnover). Accounts payable turnover ratio (AP turnover ratio) is the metric that is used to measure AP turnover across a period of time, and one of several common financial ratios. The AP turnover ratio is unique in that businesses want to show they can pay their bills on time, but they also want to show they can use their investments wisely.

The shareholders can assess the company better for its growth by analyzing the amount reinvested in the business. As businesses operate in different industries, it is advisable to check the standard ratio of the particular industry in which an organization operates. However, sometimes organizations may fix flexible terms with their creditors to enjoy extended credit limits.

Conversely, while a decreasing turnover ratio might mean the company does not have the financial capacity to pay debts, it could also mean that the company is reinvesting in the business. Other factors such as increased disputes with suppliers, staffing and technical issues could lead to a decreasing AP turnover ratio. One such KPI, and a common way of measuring AP performance, is the metric known as the accounts payable turnover ratio.

To demonstrate the turnover ratio formula, imagine a company’s total net credit purchases amounted to $400,000 for a certain period. If their average accounts payable during that same period was $175,000, their AP turnover ratio is 2.29. Payment requirements will usually vary from supplier to supplier, depending on its size and financial capabilities. If the accounts payable turnover ratio is very high, it suggests that the company is paying its bills promptly and has a good relationship with its suppliers. The accounts payable turnover ratio tells you how quickly you’re paying vendors that have extended credit to your business.

In simple terms, the Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio indicates the number of times a company pays its suppliers, vendors, and other creditors during a specific period. The basic formula for the AP turnover ratio considers the total dollar amount of supplier purchases divided by the average accounts payable balance over a given period. The result is a figure representing how many times a company pays off its suppliers in that time frame.

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